3D printer filament types is one of the most important aspects in the 3D printing process. In this article we wish educate you on 1.75 mm filament. Buying plastic 3D filament can be a tedious task, but when you've found a filament that works well with your printer, it's important to stick with that brand.
We specialize in 1.75 mm filament. Whether it's PLA or ABS, we strive in engineering a consistent diameter and roundness that prevents nozzle extruder clogging. It's important to try both types of materials so you can get a feel of the print you desire to produce.
3D Printer Filament Types - ABS & PLA
PLA stands for Polylactic Acid and is a plastic made from starches like sugarcane or corn. Extrusion temperatures typically vary between 160 and 220°C. PLA is more rigid than its counterpart ABS and ABS tends to have more flexibility. PLA's heat complexion point begins at around 60°C and requires more force to be extruded. Using PLA during our printing process we tend to see less warping and a higher glossy finish.
ABS stands for Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene and is a thermoplastic with a petroleum base. In comparison to PLA, fine particles can be produced in the printing process and we recommend you print in a well ventilated area. Extrusion temperatures are between 200 and 260°C and ABS produces a glossier finish than polylactic acid. ABS's heat collection points are at around 100°C. ABS has been around 3-D printing many more years than PLA and is considered legacy to many. ABS is one of the most prominent 3D printer filament types found in the market today. 3d printer filament types
1.75 mm if the actual extruder nozzle diameter used in a lot of 3D printers today. Smaller diameter filament tends to heat faster which in turn allows you to print faster. Smaller nozzles are more precise and flow control which reduces filament oozing. The flow rate is measured in mm's, your printer determines the amount of plastic that is extruded through the nozzle based on the extrusion speed. When you have an consistent diameter filament this will lead to an consistent extrusion. 3D filament is manufactured in masses, the variance or tolerance in the manufacturing process for diameter is a challenge. The filament diameter tolerance problems in manufacturing can cause big problems in the different components in your 3D printer. You could have extruder failures and filament will not make it to the hot end. The extruder motor can experience issues in the middle of the printing process if the 3D filament diameter changes. You can use a micrometer tool to measure the diameter to ensure it meets it's tolerance.
Spools & Storing Filament
When looking at 3D printing filament spools you want to look at this spool diameter and design. When 3D filament is manufactured, plastic pallets or melted and the filament goes through a cooling process before it is wound onto a spool. When using 3D filament during the printing process, you want the filament on the spool to be just between a little loose and not so tight because the filament needs to be fed through the extruder without a lot of tension. When buying 3D filament once ensure the packaging includes a packet of desiccant. Plastic over time can absorb moisture which can damage or filament or create bubbles especially in 1.75 mm as opposed to a thicker 3mm. So when you find yourself looking for 3d printer filament types, ensure you've done your homework before you hit the print button.